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Good Governance Support Programme 2008-2013

The Good Governance Support Programme (GGSP) is the Danish support to the Royal Government of Bhutan’s (RGoB) development of good governance, including decentralisation.

GGSP follows two phases of support to good governance, implemented since 1997. The programme is in line with the objectives and targets set in RGoB's 10th Five-Year Plan. Consequently, the overall objective of the Programmes is to realise good governance principles as the enabling environment for poverty reduction, and as such contribute to the 10th FYP's goal of reducing poverty from 23% to less than 15% by 2013. The MoU of the joint partnership outlines the joint monitoring and evaluation procedures, including the Joint Annual Reveiw Meeting of which GGSP will be a part.

Bhutan has made unparalleled and remarkable progress in the areas of governance within a span of few decades and moved towards democratic constitutional monarchy, whereby the rule of law is supreme within the Constitution adopted by the first democratically elected government in 2008. Danish support has played a significant role in some of these achievements through the Good Governance and Public Administrative Reforms Programme, Phases I and II. Danida provided a grant of DKK 42 million (6 million Euros) for GG and PARP I from 1998 to 2003; DKK 45.5 million (6.35 million Euros) from 2003 to 2008 for GG and PARP II. An additional support of DKK 9.4 million (1.3 million Euros) was provided for strengthening of the National Assembly and its Secretariat from 2006 to 2008. Parallel to this programme, Danida has supported good governance in Bhutan through the Local Grant Authority with DKK 14.1 million (2 million Euros). These include support to a range of institutions such as the Royal Court of Justice, the Anti-Corruption Commission, Royal Institute of Management including media.

The agreed Danish contribution to GGSP of DKK 50 million (6.7 million Euros) is over 5 years. This would encompass:

1. A truly representative, responsive and meaningful democracy;

2. Maintain proper and effective checks and balances among various branches of government;

3. Ensure proper management and best use of public resources;

4. Enhance the political capabilities and participation of all Bhutanese;

5. Combat the spread of corruption;

6. Ensure administrative and financial efficiency, transparency and improve public service management

7. Promote the role of media and civil society; and

8. Enforce the rule of law wherein the law is applied impartially

 The GGSP consists of three components

1. Support to democratic governance institutions

2. The Joint Local Governance Support Programme (LGSP) with UNDP/UNCDF and other development partners like Austria, SDC, JICA and the EU

3. Support to non-state actors (CSOs)

Component 1: Strengthened capacity of democratic governance institutions in Bhutan, where Denmark will support (i) the National Land Commission to implement a new cadastral registration of all land and using this as an input to formulate a comprehensive land policy. (ii) The Judiciary will receive financial support to facilitate equal access to justice for all which will include construction of a new court house and additional Human Resources capacity development. (iii) co-ordinated with other development partners a need-based support may be offered to other democratic governance institutions, e.g. the Anti-Corruption Commission and the Election Commission of Bhutan. Funding level for this component is DKK 7 million each and an additional DKK 4 million is available as unallocated funds. The share to this component is 28% of the total fund. Funds will be channelled to the Ministry of Finance through the GNHC.

Component 2: The second component is the Danish contribution to the coming Joint Local Governance Support Programme (LGSP), also to be supported by other development partners like UNDP, UNCDF, and SDC, Austria and JICA. The joint programme represents a huge step towards harmonising approaches and aligning to the government systems. Denmark has allocated a total of DKK 25 million (USD 5 million) out of total fund of USD 7.25 million to LGSP. The support is contributing to RGoB’s Gewog Annual Capital Grant facility, of which the development partners will provide a share (approximately 11% in 2008/09). The capital investment funds for local development are expected to become operational from July 2009 after the local government elections. The component also includes a range of capacity development initiatives, technical assistance and implementation of financial management mechanisms. This component is the largest part (50%) of the GGSP.

Component 3: An enabling framework for non-state actors (media, civil society and private sector) created to strengthen the democratic process and hereby supporting poverty reduction. Denmark will support the Non-State Actors (the CSOs and NGOs) aiming at widening democracy and ensure enhanced popular participation. The component relates to the new CSO Act and will support the RGoB Authority under the act as well as the CSOs to register, develop capacity and service in their communities. The component applies a two-pronged approach (i) offering capacity building support to the new CSO Authority in direct support modalities and (ii) financial support to CSOs from a fund the management of which is outsourced to a private company. The share to this component is 10% of the total fund.

Follow this link to access the GGSP Programme Document.